The National Assembly of the Republic of South Sudan was established
through Presidential Decree No. 10/2011 for the Reconstitution of the
National Legislative Assembly of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011
issued on 1 August 2011.
It replaced the Southern Sudan
Legislative Assembly (SSLA) which came to existence under Art. 57 (1) of
the Interim Constitution of the Southern Sudan 2005, as provided for in
the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed between the Sudan
Government and the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) in Naivasha –
Kenya on 9th January 2005. The SSLA was originally composed of 70% SPLM
members, 15% NCP members, and the other political parties make up the
15% as stipulated by the CPA.
However, following the April 2010
general elections, members of the SSLA were either elected or nominated
as per the Constitution. The Presidential Decree establishing the
National Legislative Assembly also reconstituted its membership. Now it
is composed of all the members of the former SSLA, former members of the
National Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Sudan elected from
constituencies in Southern Sudan, and members appointed under Article
94(2)(b) of the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan.
The National Legislative Assembly exercises the following functions:
- - overseeing the performance of the National Government institutions;
- - approving plans, programmes and policies of the National Government;
- - approving budgets;
- - ratifying international treaties, conventions and agreements;
- - adopting resolutions on matters of public concern;
- - summoning Ministers to answer questions of members of the Assembly on matters related to their ministries;
- - interrogating Ministers about their performance or the performance of their ministries;
- - approving appointments as required by the Transitional Constitution or the law;
- - casting a vote of no confidence against the Vice President and any Minister;
- - enacting legislation to regulate the conditions and terms of service of the Judiciary and its oversight mechanisms; and
- - performing any other function as determined by the Transitional Constitution or the law.